A small, almost dreamlike, town of Plyos was founded by Vassily I in 1410 as a boundary outpost of Muscovia. The civil legend says that before there used to be an ancient town of Chuvil at that place. Plyos is split into two parts: the upper – the mountain, or Troitskaya, part – and the lower – the front part.
Plyos has retained the town design which was popular in the 17th – 18th centuries. Its streets are parallel to the river. The town is remarkably picturesque because of unique terrain: the high bank of the river is cut with ravines which split it into separate mountains. Each of these hills, or mountains, has its own name.
Plyos is famous for its architectural and civil monuments, but it has gained its wide popularity because of the great artist Isaac Levitan. They say: “Plyos made Levitan famous. Levitan made Plyos famous.” Solodovnikov’s house holds the museum of Levitan, who worked there for three summer seasons (1888-1890).
Isaac Levitan made around 200 works while working in Plyos, the most famous of them being “Above the Eternal Peace”. Later, Plyos has become an attraction among landscape-painters.
Tour duration: 6 hours.