Kostroma, like Moscow, is at the confluence of two rivers and built on seven hills. Among the large and small Russian towns surrounding the capital, much of it is allocated its own understated, unique, image. Its originality determines the calm, majestic Volga, to divide the city into two almost equal parts, miraculously preserved architectural ensembles of the city center of XVIII-XIX centuries, ancient temples and monasteries.
Kostroma streets and squares are gravure centuries. And although today has not been preserved, even remnants of the first Kremlin, but produce a strong impression of his earthworks of the XV century, part of which rises directly above the waterfront.
Under state protection in Kostroma is 535 monuments of architecture and history, 27 archeological sites from the Neolithic to the Middle Ages, 6 of monumental art (sculpture). Of greatest interest are the ensembles Hypatius and Epiphany Monastery (XVI-XIX cc.) Church of the XVII century. (Resurrection on Debra, on Assumption Debre, Christmas at the Settlement, St. John the Divine in Ipatyevski settlement, the Saviour of the Transfiguration of the Volga), a unique ensemble of shopping malls, including more than 20 buildings, architecture center with public and residential buildings 1-st tr. XIX century. (Government offices, Fire Tower, Main guardhouse, the Noble Assembly, the house Borshchov, Kolodeznikovyh, Strigaleva, etc.). Great historical and cultural interest in residential development Mira, streets Ostrowski, Simanovsky, steps, Sverdlov, the Soviet, Tchaikovsky, Forestry, wherein its integrity.
From the waterfront up to the administration of Kostroma ensemble rises street by Tchaikovsky, one of the most picturesque in the city. Actually been built up one of her party. Here are preserved mansions built in the classical style and belonging to a known Kostroma noble families. Almost every house here has its unique history.
The history of the main street of the city, the Soviet (former Rusina) begins in the XIV century. It is the main thoroughfare in terms of development downtown. The modern form it acquires in the XVIII century.
The first quarter was built "continuous facade" - all the houses here have common end wall. The architecture of Kostroma, it was an unusual appointment. Continuation of the street is a Soviet space. Houses built here, mostly had an administrative appointment. City Council and a magistrate, together with the provincial government offices constitute the ensemble of administrative buildings in the style of late Classicism.
On both sides of the square constructed small squares. In one of them is a monument to Prince Yuri Dolgoruky - the legendary founder of the city.
The central area of Kostroma - Soviet practically merges with Susaninskaya area, their share Seating yard and provincial government offices. She is one of a kind of preserved in Russian province. The approved 1871 master plan the city, its center is a semi-circular area, disclosed to the Volga. In the radial direction from her street-rays diverge. In honor of Catherine II the area became known as Katerynoslav and divergent streets - rays called: Pavlov - in honor of her son, the future Emperor Paul, others in honor of the Empress grandchildren - Alexander, Konstantinovskaya Mariinsky and Elinskaya.